Inox Wind Ltd, an Inox Group company, is India’s fourth-largest wind turbine generator (WTG) manufacturer and commands market share of 7 % in FY15. The Inox Group is operational from 1923 in India and currently operates in industrial gases, engineering plastics, refrigerants, chemicals, cryogenic engineering, renewable energy and entertainment sectors. The Group has two publicly-listed companies – Gujarat Fluorochemicals and Inox Leisure. Inox Wind Ltd is the subsidiary of Gujarat Fluorochemicals. Inox Wind Ltd commenced its operations in March 2010, and is into manufacturing of key components of Wind Turbine Generators and other parts like nacelles, hubs, rotor blade sets, and towers used to generate electricity from wind power. It provides turnkey solutions for wind farm projects through its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and has a project site pipeline of 4GW. We live in the modern era of clean energy growth that can fuel a future of opportunity and greater prosperity for every person on the planet. Renewable energy, so far considered to be an alternative to the conventional fuel source has now progressed into becoming a regular energy source. This shift is driven by the improved cost efficiency of renewable energy sources with the help of advancements in technology combined with an increasing focus on climate change which is leading people, companies and countries to consume energy from more efficient sources. There is heightened awareness about disciplining the emitters of greenhouse gases. Governments, businesses and investors around the world are realizing that the evolution to low-emission, climate-resilient growth is imminent beneficial and already under way Now that the Paris Agreement is coming into force, countries need to get serious about what they committed to last December. Meeting the Paris targets means a completely decarbonized electricity supply well before 2050 and wind power will play the major role in getting us there. The mainstream position of renewables is evidenced in the global installations during 2015 which stood at 64 GW of wind energy and 57 GW of solar energy. Leading the passage from fossils fuels to renewable sources are the developing nations including India and China, among others. The renewable industry recorded a growth of 18 % CAGR in 2015 and is expected to attract US$5.86 trillion worth of investment till 2035. This poses massive growth potential for the sector in India. With the government’s Commitment made at COP21 to install 175 GW of renewable energy by 2022, and to reduce carbon emissions by 30- 35 % and increase renewables to 40 % of the energy mix by 2030, India is set to truly expand its renewable energy portfolio. The production is getting marked boost through the ‘Make in India’ initiative. The government has also strived to facilitate the growth of renewable energy through the establishment of a positive policy and business environment. As a result, the sector witnessed annual installations of 3,415 MW in FY15-16, higher than ever before and 48 % higher than the 2308 Mw of the previous year. A major portion of this capacity addition was accounted for by new projects in MP where more than a third of the capacity a 1290 MW was added, Rajasthan added 688 MW, Gujarat added 388 MW and AP added 363 MW, arising out of the substantial reduction in preferential tariff for new wind energy. The Indian wind energy industry is expected to grow at a rate of 30 % annually, and may even surpass this on the back of the positive policies. The Supreme Court supported Renewable Purchase Obligation (RPO) compliance, the renewable Generation Obligation (RGO), Green Corridor, interstate transmission charges waiver, inclusion of renewable energy in the priority lending sector, UDAY scheme which gives state utilities stronger credibility to invest in renewable energy and approval of National Off-shore Policy which has opened up 7,600 km of coastline for off shore wind energy generation projects have all positively affected the environment and established a US$200 billion opportunity. Foreign investment in the industry is also surging. The incremental wind based energy capacity requirement by FY22 is estimated at about 35 GW as against the current installed capacity of 27.4 GW. This is assuming annual energy demand to continue to grow at 6 %, Renewable Purchase Obligation at 12 % by FY22 and wind as a renewable energy resource contributing to a dominant share of 75 % in meeting the non-solar RPO requirement on an all India basis. The RPO norms continue to vary across the states in terms of both quantum of RPO varying from 2 % to 12.5 % in FY17 across the states and the period of RPO trajectory with only six states stipulating RPO norms till FY22. According to IRENA (International Renewable Energy Agency), technology innovation will be a significant driver of the offshore wind boom. It highlights upcoming innovations that will enable sector development, including next generation wind turbines with larger blades, and floating turbines, which will open up new markets in deeper water. These advancements, combined with other sector developments, will reduce average costs for electricity generated by offshore wind farms by 57 % over time from $170 per Mwh in 2015 to $74 per Mwh in 2045. Inox Wind Ltd is one of the largest land bank owners in this sector in the country with more than 4500 MW capacity. Inox will be one of the biggest beneficiaries of the hybrid policy for both solar and wind. Inox Wind plans to install solar panels in winds parks where it already has the common infrastructure commissioned and constructed. Since both technologies are complementary, Inox will be one of the lowest suppliers of hybrid service as well, especially when it comes to installing solar panels. Inox Wind is seeing a lot of traction as far as cash collection is concerned. With the support and encouragement received from government for wind sector, certain initiatives has been taken Non Solar Renewable Purchase Obligation - Guidelines issued from 8.75 % in FY17 to up to 10.25 % in FY19 to increase the demand from states with more wind supply, Gujarat state will have tariff at Rs. 4.19 for 5 years, Solar & Wind Hybrid Policy is been drafted for better & optimization utilization of capacity, UDAY scheme to ensure stricter enforcement of RPO with currently 16 states has joined in the scheme, lastly 1000 MW transmission utility to be connected which will facilitate supply of wind power to non-windy states. There are many initiatives taken by the new government like several states such as Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra and Karnataka have provided preferential tariff over and above MNRE’s GBI of Rs. 0.5 per kilowatt-hour to attract investment. Some have also increased wind power tariffs by 2-15 % to attract investments. These states are expected to witness traction and will play a critical role to achieve the aggregate target of 4-5GW per annum. Several states including Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra and Gujarat have policies that eliminate or reduce value-added tax (VAT) for wind turbine components. The Maharashtra Energy Development Agency (MEDA) has created a green cess (tax) fund. A part of this fund is used to create infrastructure for grid connectivity with proposed wind farms. Strong evacuation infrastructure promotes investments in wind power. State governments like Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat have formalized land facilitation policies to expedite wind energy projects. Major projects get delayed mainly on account of delays in land acquisition which is seen getting smoothen off. Inox wind is surely a good pick from the renewable setor on back the developments and financials improvements.
Inox Wind Ltd provides turnkey solutions for wind farm projects & offers services including wind resource assessment, site acquisition, infrastructure development, erections and commissioning, and also long term operations and maintenance of wind power projects. Company manufacture the components of wind turbine generators in-house with a view to ensuring high quality, advanced technology and reliability and maintaining cost competitiveness. Company has facilities dedicated to manufacturing nacelles, hubs, rotor blade sets and towers. Inox Wind have a perpetual license from AMSC Austria GmbH (formerly Windtec GmbH), or AMSC, a leading wind energy technology company based in Austria, to manufacture 2 MW WTGs in India based on AMSC’s proprietary technology. In August 2014, INXW and AMSC amended the agreement to cover all 2MW WTGs with rotor diameters between 85 meters and 120 meters. In addition, INXW has a non-exclusive license to manufacture 2MW WTGs worldwide based on AMSC’s proprietary technology. Globally, over 15GW of aggregate production capacity operates on AMSC technology. As per the terms of license from AMSC, INXW is required to purchase Electronic Control System manufactured by AMSC or its affiliates. INXW has a non-exclusive perpetual license from WINDnovation Engineering Solutions GmbH, Germany for the technology on manufacturing Rotor blade sets. INXW procures gearboxes from DHHI (China) and Wikov Industry a.s. (Czech Republic), and generators from Emerson Industrial Automation and ABB India for its gearboxes and generators. In the equipment supply business, INXW is among the top-2 players in India; while the size of this segment is 15 % for the WTG industry, it is targeted to contribute 30 % to INXW’s revenue in FY16. The major Wind Turbine Manufactures in India are Chiranjjeevi Wind Energy, Elecon Engineering, Garuda Vaayu Shakti, Ghodawat Energy, Inox Wind, NEPC India, Pioneer Wincon,PowerWind, Regen Power Tech, RRB Energy, Siva Windturbine, Southern Wind Farm, SRC Green Power, SUZLON. INXW manufactures the key components for WTGs in-house, which ensures cost competitiveness, cost-effective logistics, and attractive margins. The long term future for wind is underpinned mainly by its order of competence and cost effectiveness in comparison with other conventional fossil fuels. New products are being introduced with a notably improved yield curve and also to yoke wind energy from low wind sites. Today India only gets 8.7 % of its power from wind energy. Thus, there exists a credible prospect for growth of wind turbine industry in India. The long term outlook of wind market continues to remain strong with rationalization of tariff structure to ensure only players with superior technology and execution capabilities across wind rich states would be emerging as the winners. The growth of the wind energy sector in India for the years to come will be sustained by the unexploited resource availability. Upbeat on the improved regulatory and financial environment, investors are expected to pour over $15 billion into India’s wind energy sector by 2020, a report by ratings and research firm CRISIL. The Indian government has pledged the continuance of significant incentives for the wind energy sector, such as accelerated depreciation and generation-based incentive. However, the wind energy sector might take a major hit, with the Budget capping the accelerated depreciation tax benefit at a maximum of 40% from April 2017. The government is also planning to launch the National Wind Energy Mission which would accelerate the development of wind energy projects and open the offshore wind energy sector as well. However this industry is still the focus of those customers who are ready to incur higher capital cost to generate higher returns. Larger rotor blades and higher hub heights offer superior PLF (plant load factor), compensating for lower tariffs and still generating attractive Internal Rate of Returns. In 2015, India announced plans to increase its renewable energy output to 175 GW by the year 2022, with 60 GW coming from wind power alone. With an installed capacity of 26,904 MW as of March 2016 of wind energy, renewable energy sources excluding large hydro, currently accounts for sub 15 % to 16 % of India’s overall installed power capacity. Wind energy holds the major portion of 65.09 % of 37,010 MW total renewable energy capacity as on Aug, 15 and continues as the largest supplier of clean energy. 70 % of wind generation happens during the five months duration from May to September coinciding with southwest monsoon duration. Fiscal 2016 saw the highest ever annual installation of 3,472 MW. This has increased the installed WTG base to 27,000 MW 15 % y-o-y growth. Inox Wind has a permanent exclusive license from AMSC (American Superconductors) to manufacture 2 MW WTGs, using its proprietary know-how. Under the authorized agreement, IWL is required to purchase all ECS (Electronic Control Systems) from AMSC. There are more than 7,000 turbines with an aggregate capacity of more than 15,000 MW profitably operating across the globe based on AMSC technology. IWL’s WTGs are equipped with DFIG (Double Fed Induction Generator) technology. IWL has entered into two strategic long term technological agreements with AMSC. This alliance has not only helped in reducing the R&D expenditure but also gives it a technological advancement edge. The other agreement provides access to custom-made rotor blade-sets design through WIND Innovation. Enhanced supply chain management coupled with cost saving due to indigenization will help in reducing the foreign exchange exposure of IWL if IWL chooses to manufacture in future. Association of IWL and AMSC for the development of 3MW WTG for India will improve efficiency at a lower cost of generation providing it with cutting edge WTG technology. IWL also has a license from Romax Technology, UK, which is a global provider of integrated software and services, for their gear box designs. With the launch of new 113 meter rotor diameter with a hub height of 120 meters which is 20 % more efficient, 40 % of the future orders are expected to consist of this product itself. The descent of IWL in unexplored southern states like Kerela, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, is an attempt by the company to stay ahead of its competitors and to maintain a growth rate with is higher than that of the industry as it has done in the past. A decreasing current ratio, increasing leverage and falling interest coverage underpins the rising debt of the company. The total debt of the company rose by a startling 57.1 % in FY15 and 68.7% in FY16. With an increase in sales, the company had to purchase more and more components, the payment period of which is 3-6 months, depending on the credit period given by the suppliers. The company also has a huge trade receivable component sitting on its Balance Sheet as on FY16. The trade receivables in turn have risen by 69 % in FY16 which is almost in line with the growth in revenues for FY16 of 63 % which is evident by a roughly stable debtors’ turnover ratio. Less than 10 % of the receivables are more than 6 months old. The 65 % increase (y-o-y) in short term loans and advances in FY16 y-o-y is mainly due to inter corporate loans given to subsidiaries, IWSL (Inox wind Infrastructure Services Ltd.) and IRL (Inox Renewables Ltd.), at an interest rate of 10 % p.a. With the new additions to its already diversified and reputed clientele, like the Adani’s first order in the wind sector, the company boasts of a current order book of 1,104 MW as on March, 2016. Incremental orders are expected to be undertaken in the first quarter of the current fiscal as well. Winning new orders and more crucially, winning additional business from existing clients is believed to be more important than hunting for big contracts. This belief is further strengthened by Inox’s client mining skills. It has maintained optimism about future order inflows, on the back of government’s focus on renewable sector and also IWLs strong market positioning and capex pipeline of independent power producers (IPPs). The sector is expected to grow at a CAGR of 15 % over the next five years and Inox plans to grab a larger market share as it moves forward. Continuing from Q1, production in last quarter was further geared towards clearing the inventory backlog and improving the working capital cycle of the company. One of the key reasons of working capital blockage was mismatch in manufacturing capacities and therefore to this extent, last quarter Inox again focused on correcting that mismatch. The company has deliberately focused more on the production of blades and towers relative to the production of nacelles and hubs. For the first half of the current fiscal year, 162 MW of nacelles and the hubs were produced versus 332 MW last year, 366 MW of blades were produced versus 280 MW last year and 286 MW of towers were produced versus 332 MW last year 194 MW was commissioned in the first half of the current year versus 216 MW in the first half last year In terms of cost analysis for the first half of the current fiscal, raw material and EPC cost which were at 74.90% of the overall sale price in H1 last year is now down to 70.4 % which is a cost of saving of almost 4.50 %. Other variable cost was at about 3.5% last year versus 3.6% this year. Fixed overheads went up from 7.3% to 14.2 % largely because of lower production of nacelles and the hubs. Last quarter there has been a lot of logistics movement of inventory to south such as AP and karnataka, where Inox is building new projects. Logistics costs in blades and towers are almost two or three times the logistics cost of a nacelle and since the company has dispatched huge amounts of blades and towers as opposed to nacelles to overcome the inventory mismatch which was prevalent in the last few quarters. Recently, IWL expanded its Turbine capacity to 113m from the earlier 100m. As a result, management expects 5 % increase in the costs, but efficiency is expected to increase by 20 %. Further, realization of large rotor blades would increase. Considering shift in business mix where high capacity Turbines would contribute more to the financials, it is expected that the efficiency of IWL to improve. As a result, it is expected that the Adj. EBITDA margins to improve from 15.4 % in FY2016 to 16.4 % in FY2018E. The Adj. PAT margin expansion during FY2016-18E could remain around 10.6 %. Considering the 4QFY2016 Order Book, and expected strong order inflow trends, IWL stock is trading at attractive valuations. Post the 17 % correction in the IWL stock after 4QFY2016 results were announced, the stock at the current market price of Rs. 185.85, the stock is trading at a PE of 9.11x FY17E and 8.00 x FY18E respectively. The company can post Earnings per share (EPS) of Rs. 20.40 in FY17E and Rs. 23.00 in FY18E. It is expected that the company’s surplus scenario is likely to continue for the next three years keeping its growth story in the coming quarters also.
|SALES (₹ Crs)||2,702.27||4,406.50||4,710.20||5,053.80|
|NET PROFIT (₹ Cr)||327.40||421.20||453.50||509.80|
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